River of Hope: Forging Identity and Nation in the Rio Grande Borderlands Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez

ISBN: 9780822351719

Published: January 16th 2013

Hardcover

384 pages


Description

River of Hope: Forging Identity and Nation in the Rio Grande Borderlands  by  Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez

River of Hope: Forging Identity and Nation in the Rio Grande Borderlands by Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez
January 16th 2013 | Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 384 pages | ISBN: 9780822351719 | 9.21 Mb

In River of Hope, Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez examines state formation, cultural change, and the construction of identity in the Lower Rio Grande region during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He chronicles a history of violence resulting fromMoreIn River of Hope, Omar S.

Valerio-Jiménez examines state formation, cultural change, and the construction of identity in the Lower Rio Grande region during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He chronicles a history of violence resulting from multiple conquests, of resistance and accommodation to state power, and of changing ethnic and political identities. The redrawing of borders neither began nor ended the regions long history of unequal power relations.

Nor did it lead residents to adopt singular colonial or national identities. Instead, their regionalism, transnational cultural practices, and kinship ties subverted state attempts to control and divide the population.Diverse influences transformed the borderlands as Spain, Mexico, and the United States competed for control of the region. Indian slaves joined Spanish society- Mexicans allied with Indians to defend river communities- Anglo Americans and Mexicans intermarried and collaborated- and women sued to confront spousal abuse and secure divorces.

Drawn into multiple conflicts along the border, Mexican nationals and Mexican Texans (tejanos) took advantage of their transnational social relations and ambiguous citizenship to escape criminal prosecution, secure political refuge, and obtain economic opportunities. To confront the racialization of their cultural practices and their increasing criminalization, tejanos claimed citizenship rights within the United States and, in the process, created a new identity.Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Iowa.A sweeping, path-breaking achievement, River of Hope will stand as a benchmark study of the borderlands for decades to come.

It is a compelling political and social history of identity formations, community building, and overlapping conquests from the earliest Spanish colonial settlements to nineteenth-century Euro-American towns. Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez interrogates how the people who called las villas del norte home created meaning in their lives against a backdrop of state formation, disenfranchisement, and violence.—Vicki L. Ruiz, author of From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth-Century AmericaRiver of Hope not only documents the history of the Rio Grande area in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but also provides a model for integrating the concerns of Chicana/o studies scholars, historians of the U.S.

West, scholars of gender and ethnicity, theorists of state formation, and political scientists who study everyday forms of resistance. An extraordinary contribution, the book opens up a wide-ranging discussion about the interplay between local and national discourses, particularly in places located on the peripheries of power and at times of rapid social, cultural, legal, and political change.

This is genuinely original scholarship.—Susan Lee Johnson, author of Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold RushRiver of Hope tells the complex story of how Spanish colonists settled Texas-Tamaulipas, how they became neglected Mexican citizens, and, ultimately, how they were transformed into unwanted American citizens as subjects of the United States.

In this rich and nuanced work, Omar S. Valerio-Jiménez illuminates the struggles over land, identity, and love as native nations, Spain, Mexico, and the United States competed for this terrain.—Ramón A. Gutiérrez, coeditor of Mexicans in California: Transformations and Challenges



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